Readings in Empiricism, Analytic Philosophy, and the Philosophy of Science, hosted by Allan K and Michael S.
For electronic copies of the reading assignments or questions about the group, please email Allan K @ [masked].
We will finish our discussion of Francis Bacon’s ‘Novum organum’, focusing on the first three Idols, aphorisms 39 through 60, https://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/bacon1620.pdf . Idols of the tribe, cave, and market-place are more psychological than the Idols of the theatre were and familiarity with the work of modern researchers such as Daniel Kahneman will be useful for gaining perspective. Language studies will be useful for gaining perspective on the Idols of the market-place. After we finish with Bacon, with what time remains we will start on Galileo’s ‘Dialogue concerning two world systems’, http://www.kuhmann.com/starstuff/Dialogue%20Concerning%20the%20Two%20Chief%20World%20Systems.pdf . The Dialogue is a discussion between Salviati (Galileo), Salgredo, and Simplicio (Aristotelian Pope Urban VIII). It would be fun if everyone takes a little part of it (a few pages) and shares the vignette with the group.
Join us every-other Saturday at 5:30pm for discussion of philosophy of science. From its inception this group was organized to provide a science friendly philosophy group. Readings (selected from parts of books or articles) often juxtapose countering perspectives. This is intentional, as friendly, passionate discussion is encouraged. With active discussion of differences comes understanding. We hope to leave every meeting with a better understanding of some of those perennial issues regarding knowledge and science which continue to engage active discussion – the problem of induction, usefulness of philosophy and metaphysics, reconciling the old and new, relationship of language to doing. The readings are partitioned into quasi- self-contained units for the convenience of some who might wish to occasionally drop in. We explore science from its origins to its modern developments, as voiced not only in the writings of those who have philosophized about science, experience, and knowledge, but also in the voice of the scientists themselves. We explore history of scientific ideas, connections between these ideas, and streams of scientific thinking. The readings and discussions steer deep into empiricism, rationalism, and realism, as well as into the nature of objectivity, role of language and logic, and, not least, how we collectively come to agreement on what is true.